Testicular cancer is a highly treatable cancer, and can be effectively treated, and potentially cured, if diagnosed and treated early. Advanced testicular cancer can also be cured with treatment.
If diagnosed with testicular cancer, the most important step is to talk at length with your doctor about your treatment choices. In choosing a treatment plan, factors such as your overall health and the type and stage of the cancer should be considered. You may consider getting a second or third doctor’s opinion.
In most men with testicular cancer, treatment involves the surgical removal of the affected testicle. This may be followed with surveillance, chemotherapy or radiotherapy.
An orchiectomy (surgical removal of the affected testis) is done under general anesthetic. The removed testis is then sent to a pathology laboratory to confirm the stage and type of cancer.
Chemotherapy or radiotherapy is often prescribed after surgery to treat any remaining cancer cells that may have spread to other parts of the body, such as lymph nodes. The level or amount of chemotherapy and radiotherapy will be different for each man and will depend on the stage and type of cancer.
Testicular cancer and the removal of one testicle should not alter sexual function or fertility. The effect on fertility following removal of one of the testicles is minimal as a single testicle produces such large numbers of sperm.
For those men who require further treatment, fertility is likely to be affected, at least temporarily. Canadian Cancer Society recommends that men with testicular cancer talk to their oncologist about sperm banking before commencing chemotherapy or radiation therapy.
For more detailed information of treatment options visit the Canadian Cancer society.
Canadian Cancer Society
Testicular Cancer Canada
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